The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty negotiated at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992 and entered into force in 1994. UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol which entered into force in 2005 serve as a main legal framework for actions on mitigating global warming and adapting to its adverse impacts.
As indicated in Article 4 of the UNFCCC, all parties, taking into account their common but differentiated responsibilities and their specific national and regional development priorities, objectives and circumstances, shall develop, periodically update, publish and make available to the Conference of the Parties, in accordance with Article 12, national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, and other relevant information using comparable methodologies to be agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties.
According to the Ministerial Order No. A-118 dated on 27th February 2015, the Nature Conservation Fund was pointed as a project executing entity and the project implementing unit was established to commence the work. In the scope of this, Mongolia has successfully completed the projects on the preparation of its Third National Communication under the UNFCCC and preparation of Initial Biennial Update Report under the UNFCCC, both funded by Global Environmental Facility Trust Fund. Currently, Mongolia has launched projects on the preparation of its Forth National Communication under the UNFCCC and preparation of the Second Biennial Update Report under the UNFCCC.
The project information is summarized below.
Objective: Enable Mongolia to fulfill its commitments and obligations as required by Articles 4.1 and 12.1 of the UNFCCC, and facilitate the country's effective implementation of the Convention in a sustainable manner.
Type: Enabling activity
Executing Organization: Climate Change Project Implementing Unit, Environment and Climate Fund, Ministry of Environment and Tourism